horizontal gene transfer

horizontal gene transfer
The process in which genes are transferred from one mature, independent organism to another.

Microbiology. . 2009.

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  • Horizontal gene transfer — (HGT), also Lateral gene transfer (LGT), is any process in which an organism incorporates genetic material from another organism without being the offspring of that organism. By contrast, vertical transfer occurs when an organism receives genetic …   Wikipedia

  • horizontal gene transfer — horizontal gene transfer. См. горизонтальный перенос генов. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • horizontal gene transfer — noun The transfer of genetic material from one organism to another one that is not its offspring; especially common among bacteria. Syn: lateral gene transfer …   Wiktionary

  • lateral gene transfer — noun horizontal gene transfer …   Wiktionary

  • Gene flow — In population genetics, gene flow (also known as gene migration) is the transfer of alleles of genes from one population to another.Migration into or out of a population may be responsible for a marked change in allele frequencies (the proportion …   Wikipedia

  • Gene — For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. For other uses, see Gene (disambiguation). This stylistic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Gene sharing — This article is about genes sharing multiple functions in an organism; for gene sharing between organisms, see horizontal gene transfer. Gene sharing is when a single polypeptide sequence, encoded by a single gene, performs multiple distinct… …   Wikipedia

  • Transfert horizontal de gènes — Arbre phylogénétique du vivant à trois domaines montrant les possibles transferts horizontaux L …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nested gene — A nested gene is a gene whose entire coding sequence lies within the bounds (between the start codon and the stop codon) of a larger external gene. The coding sequence for a nested gene differs greatly from the coding sequence for its external… …   Wikipedia

  • горизонтальный перенос генов — horizontal gene transfer горизонтальный перенос генов. Эволюционный механизм, заключающийся в передаче генов между одновременно существующими организмами, а не от родителей потомству; один из уникальных примеров Г.п.г. передача гена одной из… …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

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